Thyroid Information & Discounts
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The thyroid glands are largely responsible for the function of our metabolism through production of the hormones T3 and T4. Conditions that affect the thyroid include hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and hyperparathyroidism. Choose a coupon from the thyroid medication list to save money on your prescriptions, or continue reading about thyroid conditions and thyroid disease treatment below. Our coupons are free and may be printed or obtained via e-mail or text message. They are ready to use in your local pharmacy and never expire.
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Thyroid Information & Discounts
What are the different thyroid conditions?
The thyroid and parathyroid glands create a butterfly-shaped organ located in the neck that stretches around each side of the throat. The thyroid is one of the largest endocrine glands in the body, and it controls how the body uses energy and makes proteins (metabolism). The thyroid gland produces the hormones T3 and T4 which control growth rate and the functions of other systems in the body. The parathyroid glands are located just below the thyroid and produce the parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH is responsible for increasing blood calcium levels and gastrointestinal calcium absorption. PTH also increases the excretion of phosphate through the kidneys. There are three types of conditions that affect the thyroid that can be treated via thyroid medications and lifestyle changes. The three conditions are:
Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough of the hormones T3 and T4. Common causes of hypothyroidism include iodine deficiency (iodine is necessary for the synthesis of thyroid hormones), stress, use of some medications including mood stabilizers, fluctuating blood sugar levels, and autoimmune problems. It’s possible for the body to attack the thyroid gland and cause the body’s resistance to thyroid hormones. Stress can be a major cause of hypothyroidism as it also increases estrogen levels in females which can decrease levels of T3. Read about treatment and hypothyroid drugs in the sections that follow.
Hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid, is characterized by excessive release of the hormones T3 and T4. It is the opposite of hypothyroidism. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves’ disease. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease. It is most common among females and is largely hereditary. It usually occurs later in life and is thought to be the possible reaction to viral or bacterial infections. It may also be triggered by stress. Graves’ disease may cause the enlargement of the thyroid up to twice its size, commonly known as a goiter. Read about treatment and hyperthyroid drugs in the sections that follow.
Hyperparathyroidism occurs when the parathyroid gland produces excessive parathyroid hormones or PTH. There are two common types of hyperparathyroidism: primary and secondary. Primary hyperparathyroidism happens when PTH levels are high as a result of a problem with the parathyroid gland itself. Secondary hyperparathyroidism occurs in response to low calcium levels in the body. In either case, hyperparathyroidism results in an abnormal level of calcium and can lead to organ damage or fragile bones. Hyperparathyroidism is most common in females over the age of 60. Read the sections that follow to find out about thyroid medications and treatment.
How can I manage thyroid conditions?
The most common treatment for an underactive thyroid is the use of hypothyroid drugs containing a synthetic thyroid hormone. After one or two weeks of taking this hypothyroid medication, a more normal metabolism can be restored and the patient will feel less fatigued. Other lifestyle changes can also have a positive effect on hypothyroidism including staying away from sugar and refined carbohydrates, consuming more protein and health fats, consuming more probiotics (yogurt), taking vitamin D and omega-3 supplements, and consuming iodine naturally (in foods such as cranberries, eggs, seaweed, strawberries, lima beans, and others).
Treatment for hyperthyroidism usually involves hyperthyroid drugs such as radioactive iodine, anti-thyroid drugs, calcimimetics, and vitamin D analogues. Radioactive iodine is taken orally over three to six months and is absorbed by the thyroid. It causes the thyroid gland to shrink and slow down. Surgery to remove the thyroid is another option for hyperthyroidism, but less common. Ask your doctor or nutritionist about a healthy diet for hyperthyroidism.
Sometimes hyperparathyroid treatment isn’t necessary if your calcium levels are only slightly abnormal and your bone density is normal. Your doctor may want to test you regularly to make sure levels don’t drastically change. If it is necessary to take action, surgery is the most common treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism. A doctor will remove most or parts of the thyroid gland. This cures 90% of patients and has few side effects. Thyroid medications to treat hyperparathyroidism include calcimimetics, and hormone replacement therapy to help bones retain calcium. Bisphosphonates may also be used to prevent calcium loss. Other changes that have positive effects are doing more exercise, drinking more fluids to prevent kidney stones from calcium, and avoiding diuretics.
What are the different types of thyroid medication?
Calcimimetics are mostly used to treat hyperparathyroidism. These drugs mimic the action of calcium in the blood, thereby tricking the parathyroid to release less of the hormone PTH.
Anti-thyroid drugs are used as a hyperthyroid medication and a treatment for Graves’ disease by stopping the synthesis of the T3 and T4 hormones. These thyroid medications may have an adverse effect if taken along with blood thinners, diabetes medications or certain vitamins.
Synthetic thyroid hormones are used as a thyroid disease treatment for hypothyroid, and they are also used for patients that have had their thyroids removed or shrunk. If the thyroid has been removed, the patient must take synthetic thyroid hormones for the rest of his/her life. Synthetic-hormone thyroid medications act in the place of the hormone thyroxine in the body to regulate metabolism.
What are the symptoms of a thyroid condition?
Symptoms of hypothyroidism include: unexplained weight gain, thin, brittle fingernails and hair, constipation, puffy face, slowed heart rate, thickening skin, fatigue, sensitivity to cold, muscle aches and pains, impaired memory, not sweating, and heavy or irregular periods.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include: sudden unexplained weight loss, shaking in hands or fingers, increased appetite, nervousness or anxiety, changes in menstrual patterns, rapid heart rate, sweating, enlarged thyroid gland, fatigue, bulging eyes, intolerance to heat, thinning skin and brittle hair.
Symptoms of hyperparathyroidism are sometimes obsolete and mostly non-specific. Getting routinely tested is the best option. Some symptoms of hypercalcaemia which can be an indication of hyperparathyroidism include: bone pain, depression, decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting, kidney stones, osteoporosis, cognitive impairment, muscle soreness, frequent urination and increased thirst.
Thyroid Drug Information
Tapazole is an anti-thyroid drug and hyperthyroid medication that inhibits the production of the thyroid hormones T3 and T4. Tapazole can reduce your resistance to infection. It is important to monitor for symptoms of fever or sore throat while taking this medication as it could be a sign of a severe drop in white blood cells. Do not take sodium iodide or thyroid hormones while taking Tapazole. This drug is also known as methimazole, Thiamazole or MMI. Search our site for free coupons for these thyroid drugs.
Levothyroxine is a synthetic thyroid hormone that is used as a hypothyroid medication. It is also used as a permanent replacement for thyroid hormones if the thyroid has been removed. Symptoms of hypothyroidism will decrease within a couple of weeks and the patient will begin to feel less fatigued. Levothyroxine is also sold as Levoxyl, Unithroid, Synthroid, L-Thyroxine, and Thyrox. Search our site for free coupons for levothyroxine products.
Sensipar is a calcimimetic drug used to treat hyperparathyroidism. It works by mimicking the action of calcium in the blood, thereby tricking the parathyroid to release less of the hormone PTH. Your doctor should monitor your blood while you are taking this medication. Search our site for Sensipar discounts and get up to 88% off the retail price.